What if a dog is bitten by a snake?
The last summer month will come soon, and autumn will come after it – time to take your beloved four-legged friend with you and go into the forest for a “quiet hunt”. Going into the woods, a person may well protect himself from the bite of a poisonous snake, wearing tight pants and rubber boots, but how to protect his pet from meeting dangerous forest dwellers?
The most common type of poisonous snake in the central zone of Russia is the common viper. More common are individuals of silver or brown color with a darker diamond pattern along the entire back. Less common instances are completely black. The venom of the viper has hemorrhagic, hemocoagulating and necrotizing effects.
The main symptoms of a viper bite:
· Rapidly developing edema.
· Increased salivation.
· Drastic lethargy of the animal.
· Violation of coordination of movements.
· Disturbance of orientation in space.
When you are bitten by a viper, you cannot lose a minute and, having rendered first aid to your pet, you should immediately contact the professionals at the veterinary clinic. The impact of poison depends on the age and size of the snake, as well as on the time of year. Spring poison more toxic.
First aid for a snake bite:
· The most important thing to do immediately is to calm and immobilize the dog. Active behavior will lead to increased heart rate and accelerated blood circulation, which will greatly affect the spread of poison in the body.
· Then try to determine the location of the bite. Unfortunately, it is quite difficult to find two small holes for poisonous teeth on the animal’s body because of the coat, but after some time, the edema begins to develop around the bite. This will simplify the task a bit, although it is connected with the loss of time. If this does not take more than 20 minutes, squeeze out as much blood and poison from the wound as possible.
DO NOT ATTEMPT TO RELEASE POISON, as popular “wisdom” advises! There may be sores in the oral cavity through which the poison enters your bloodstream, leading to serious consequences. Do not treat the bite with alcohol-containing solutions – this will only accelerate the spread of toxins. If possible, ice should be applied to the site of the bite to slow down blood flow.
· Put a pressure bandage ON the bite site so that a finger between the skin and the bandage passes freely. Do not bandage the limb above the area of the bite, it will not slow down the spread of the poison in the body, but it can lead to more serious local consequences, up to gangrene.
· Give your dog plenty of drink, including forcibly.
· It is possible to use antihistamines and heart drugs, but it is better, after first aid, to immediately deliver the animal to the veterinary clinic for the introduction of anti-snake serum and the provision of skilled care.
· Transport the animal to the car better on the hands, having previously immobilized in any way possible, for example, covering it with a blanket.
In order to avoid meeting the common viper, it is better not to walk in places potentially suitable for its habitat. In the central part of Russia, the viper usually settles on peat bogs and in places well lit with sufficient humidity. Most of the time the snake hides under snags, in crevices, and also often creeps out to bask in the sun.