Perhaps the most distant ancestors of modern wolves were jackals in prehistoric times, in any case, they were much smaller than they are now. These predators are settled mainly in warm places: they are an African animal, one of the most widespread, and live jackals in the arid lands of Asia and in the Middle East. It adapts to the conditions and this little wolf survives much better than all its wonderful relatives. Why are there: he could envy the ability to survive and the crows with rats. The jackal does not kill even the tropical heat of the Sahara desert.
He would go to settle and to the north, but these territories were mastered by other wolves – big and very big. In Georgia, for example, there are a lot of jackals, but in Chechnya there are none, because there are many ordinary gray wolves, who are irreconcilable to their small relatives and literally tear them to pieces. But African animals, even the largest and most terrible predators, can not force the jackal to really get scared.
A small flock of these little wolves at some distance follows some big cat, which begins its hunt. Hope to live with this lion, cheetah or hyena almost always becomes a reality. Even the assembly of the whole lion pride at the meal does not frighten the flock. They are closely watching someone else’s hunt, but they try not to fall into anyone’s eyes ahead of time, they hide.
When the hunt is complete, and a large wild animal is satisfied with the meal, jackals surround it with the requirement to have a party for everyone. Naturally, the lion and the lioness will not yield good, and hyenas, too. But jackals are a flock of friends, some are distracting, while others steal pieces of meat, managing to escape. Then change places. The hunter is not allowed to eat. This is not their sporting interest – to pester the cats, not because of boredom, they do it.
What feed jackal
In fact, they don’t care how to fill the stomach. Even the grass is eaten, as well as any reptiles, insects, birds, small rodents. Of those animal species that exist, the jackal is perhaps the most capable of surviving. They get food as multidisciplinary specialists – even small, even large. Moreover, a large gazelle, an antelope – these small wolves chase a pack to exhaustion, when the animal can no longer resist.
As already mentioned, jackals are wild and omnivorous animals. It is impossible to say that this is a harmful predator, since natural selection is also being made by its efforts. Jackals destroy the weakest and sickest birds and rodents, weakened by the age of large animals, due to which the animal world becomes more healthy.
Jackals are not afraid of a person and willingly lodge nearby, bothering him not only by thinning the livestock of domestic ducks and geese, but also by biting various fruits in the garden. The sweeter the plant, the more eager the jackals eat it. Thus, these wild animals can be the first to try the ripeness of grapes, persimmon, watermelons growing in the peasant. Even foxes do not bring rural people as much damage as jackals.
Jackal and man
In the world of animals, basic misfortunes usually occur due to the fact that a person is more and more widely settled in territories that have not previously been mastered. The forests are thinning, swamps are being drained, the animals are leaving and now they are forced to live in cramped conditions, therefore, like the famous Chinese tigers are dying out. But the jackal is the opposite. He is not worried about the world around him, the life expectancy of animals of this species does not suffer from cramping. They adapt and even seem pleased: after all, where people are, there are sparrows, ravens, gulls, pigeons, rats, mice in the garbage, and the garbage itself is a place for a jackal rather interesting.
For example, in India, this wild animal settles right in the city, digging a hole for itself somewhere in a public garden or in a park. And, by the way, the jackal there is not such a rarity as a pet. He tames very easily, but it is difficult to make him work. To protect the person or to protect the house the jackal for nothing will not be. Besides – they are too cowardly. But a cross between a dog and a jackal (the name of the animal is Sulimov’s dog) works quite well, they are often used for search purposes, they are especially successful in searching for explosives.
Jackals are absolutely similar to ordinary wolves in that they also create a family once and for all. The couple usually lives inseparably, from time to time releasing offspring of four or five small jackals to the outside world. Animal life is almost nothing to darken – this is happiness. For about a year, children live with their parents, then they leave their native burrow, or remain for another year or two to help in the hunt and raise younger sisters and brothers.
But about the jackals burrows worth to tell more. Rarely enough, a couple in love takes care of creating their own custom designed nest. The list of animals offended by jackals would have to be compiled for a very long time. They can evict from the hole like a pineapple pangolin, a long-eared earthen pig – aardvark.