Physical examination of a cat
Finding out exactly what the problem with the health of the cat, can be a daunting task. To solve it, the veterinarian needs to conduct a general inspection of the animal and ask its owner a few questions that will allow to get to the bottom of the truth.
When examining a cat, the vet should check:
Ears, eyes and mouth;
Listen to the chest with a stethoscope;
Feel the belly;
Make a blood test and x-ray.
These actions can give the veterinarian a complete picture of the overall health of the cat.
Examination of a cat requires patience and affection, because a sick animal reluctantly lets a man close to him, and it is not always possible to make a diagnosis “by eye”.
There are a number of reasons why a cat may need an inspection. Sometimes owners simply see their pet unhealthy. In general, it is not bad to take regular medical examinations as a rule: sometimes the problem is difficult to determine the first time, and if you start it, the treatment can become much more difficult.
To make an accurate diagnosis, the veterinarian must conduct a detailed examination of the animal and talk to the owner about his pet.
Examination of the oral cavity is required at each visit to the vet. To open the mouth of a resisting cat, you must gently push the base of the jaw on both sides with the tips of your thumb and index finger.
To listen to the cat’s lungs and heart, veterinarians use a stethoscope. The stethoscope significantly increases the power of sound and allows you to hear even very quiet sounds.
Inspection of a sick cat.
The veterinarian conducts a general examination of the cat in order to notice frequently encountered problems in time. Parts of the mutually complementary inspection are like pieces of a puzzle, and collectively indicate a problem.
1. Ears. Using a special tool, the vet examines the cat’s ears from the inside. They must be clean and free of discharge. Ear ticks can cause unpleasant itching and brown shiny discharge.
2. Chest. A stethoscope helps the vet listen to the heart and lungs. It is very difficult, because not every cat purrs, to hear something is almost impossible.
3. Eyes and mouth. The eyes are carefully examined for infection, in particular, conjunctivitis – a common disease in cats, in which the eyes become red, irritated and sore. The veterinarian should also examine the oral cavity to make sure that the gums are healthy pink in color and that the teeth are clean and free from plaque.
Feline case history.
It is very important for the veterinarian to know the history of the cat. This information can be obtained from the owner of the animal. Information about how a cat behaves at home and what habits she has can be very useful for making a diagnosis. The more the owner tells the doctor, the better. Owners who care about their pet and can answer all questions will provide invaluable assistance to the doctor. Here are some of the questions that the vet will ask during the examination:
Does the cat refuse to eat?
Does the cat drink more or less than usual?
What is a cat with loose and hard stools?
Is the cat limping, is it hurting anything?
Has the cat lost weight recently?
If your cat got into a fight with someone, you need to look at the muzzle, paws and body for injuries. It is also necessary to measure the temperature: a high temperature often indicates inflammation, possibly due to an infection brought on by another cat when bitten.