Feeding newborn puppies
The period from the birth of a puppy to the introduction of “adult” food is the most critical, especially during the first weeks. It depends on the physical development and the formation of the baby’s immunity, because with the first portions of colostrum, the puppy learns the antibodies necessary for the formation of antibacterial protection.
Unfortunately, in some cases, the puppy is not able to try mother’s milk. The reason for this may be weakness after childbirth or the death of a dog – mothers, refusal to feed, or multiple pregnancy. If you could not find the nurse, you should think about artificial feeding of newborns.
What to consider when artificial feeding
In milk with a bit of milk compared to cow milk, the amount of protein is almost twice as high. It stimulates rapid mass gain. In cow’s milk, more lactose and less fatty acids.
On this basis, the adaptation of cow’s milk for feeding puppies provides for an increase in the dry matter content by 76%. By this is meant an increase in the amount of proteins by 28%, fats by 35% and a decrease in the lactose content by almost half while maintaining the amount of mineral salts.
If a baby develops normally and has good mass gain and is active, this means that its needs are met.
You can use ready-made mixtures of a manufacturer you trust. Before buying, carefully read the instructions and composition.
It should be noted that to imitate the natural position when feeding the puppy’s breasts, it is necessary to support it, providing the possibility of movements with the front paws and the emphasis on the rear ones.
Often there is bloating in these babies. It usually goes away after three weeks. Do not overfeed, as this can lead to gastric diseases.
Ware, which is used when feeding, it is necessary to wash and boil well. It is also important to monitor the cleanliness of the puppy itself.
The growth of an artificial baby can lag by 10 – 15% in comparison with other puppies, but then the puppy quickly “catches” others in its development.
Preparation of the mixture
The most common option is to mix 1/4 l of cow’s milk and yolk. To this we add a teaspoon of grape sugar. Products for the mixture must be of high quality.
It is important for each feed to use a new portion of the mixture. Do not cook in advance.
You can also use the milk mixture, a little more difficult to prepare. Mix 80g of cow’s milk or goats’ milk with 20g of cream and yolk. To this mixture, add 20 ml of 40% glucose and 3 ml of 5% ascorbic acid, vitamins A and D3, 2 drops each. These components can be found in a veterinary pharmacy. Do not mix different types of milk. All products for the mixture must be stored in the refrigerator.
This mixture should be heated to 30-35% and given to the baby every two hours, except for six hours at night. And so on up to two weeks of age. Frequent feeding can only harm the puppy. The selected schedule should be convenient for the baby and for the owner.