How long does a cat move away from anesthesia after sterilization?
Sterilization is a rather complicated operation for a cat. Having made a decision on surgical intervention, the owner of a fluffy pet should be aware of the options for sterilization, the recovery time of the cat after anesthesia, and the care of the operated animal. Useful information about the normal behavior of the cat after sterilization will avoid unnecessary anxiety and not miss the dangerous signs indicating the development of complications.
Types of sterilization operations and features of their conduct
Sterilization of cats is a surgery to avoid painful leaks and solve the problem of reproduction. The recovery period largely depends on the type of surgical intervention:
Ovariectomy – excision of the ovaries in a cat. The left uterus is not functioning and often provokes health problems.
Ovariohysterectomy is the most traumatic intervention. Both the ovaries and the uterus are removed.
Ligation of the fallopian tubes – the operation retains the possibility of mating, however, pregnancy does not occur. At the same time, estrus in cats continues. Another disadvantage is an increased risk of ovarian inflammation.
Surgical removal of the uterus / ovaries is performed by open (incision in the abdomen) or laparoscopic (small punctures) methods. In this case, laparoscopy is the least traumatic, and animals tolerate such an operation easier and faster to recover. Interrupting each estrus with pills or medical sterilization (a hormonal injection that lasts up to 3-6 months), unlike surgical removal of the uterus / ovary, increases the likelihood of developing endometritis, ovarian cysts and oncology in cats.
Important! In cats, during the castration, the testes are removed. Usually, the males endure the operation fairly quickly and easily.
To avoid undesirable consequences after sterilization, it is necessary to know:
Veterinarians recommend sterilizing cats aged 6-9 months. Early sterilization will help to avoid problems with the pet’s health in the future.
Last feeding 12-16 hours before surgery. Water can be given for 3-4 hours before the trip to the vet.
Preliminary examination of a cat in a good veterinarian and the use of modern anesthetic drugs virtually exclude the development of complications.
The most safe type of anesthesia is gas anesthesia (isoflurane, sevoflurane preparations). Inhalation anesthesia has a minimal effect on internal organs and is allowed for operations in domestic animals with heart disease.
How long does a cat sleep after anesthesia?
On the question of how long the cat moves away from anesthesia after sterilization, only the animal that operated on the veterinarian will accurately answer. The duration of the pet’s stay under anesthesia depends on the type of surgical intervention, the dose and method of administration of the anesthetic, the characteristics of the organism. Usually, the cat is under the influence of anesthesia (completely immobilized, eyes open) for 1-3 hours. For 7 hours, the pet periodically comes to its senses, and then falls asleep again. Do not worry, this is a normal state.
The condition of the cat immediately after surgery
Some time after the operation (usually several hours) the animal is in the clinic under the supervision of a veterinarian to monitor cardiac activity. The postoperative period, when the animal is still under the influence of anesthesia, has its own characteristics:
After sterilization, the cat must always be put on a special blanket to prevent the operation site from licking and the seams to diverge. For cats, this is optional.
Often, under the action of an anesthetic, the body temperature of the animal decreases by 1ºC. It is better to put litter in the carrier, and at home to arrange a soft place on the floor, avoiding drafts.
In a state of anesthesia, the animal does not blink. In order to avoid drying of the eyes, it is necessary to regularly bury eye drops and cover the eyelids every 30 minutes, until the pet starts blinking.
The animal must be laid on its right side to facilitate the work of the heart.
You can not give to drink 3-4 hours after surgery.
Important! It is strictly forbidden to use a heating pad to warm the animal. Active warming can provoke inflammation and increase the risk of developing other complications (bleeding, etc.).
The first days after sterilization
Asking the question “how long does a cat move away from anesthesia after sterilization,” the owners usually mean the duration of their pet’s inadequate condition. Some lovers of fluffies call this behavior of a pet “high”.
When awakening the cat can jump abruptly. And since the orientation after anesthesia is disturbed, the animal can fall off the couch and get bruises. Therefore, a place for a pet settles on the floor. A cat can twitch with its paws, run erratically, stagger and collide with objects. However, disorientation is only an outward manifestation of a temporary dysfunction of the brain. The main thing – to protect the fluff from accidental injuries and seam divergence. Next to the litter should put a bowl for food and tray.It should be borne in mind that after sterilization in a cat, sudden mood swings are noticeable: from a mournful purr and strange sounds to aggression and growling. In this case, a pet can seriously scratch a person.
It is allowed to feed a pet a day after the operative sterilization, the usual feed or specialized food (produced by the brands Royal Canin, Hills, Eukanuba and others). In the period when the cat moves away from anesthesia after sterilization, the owners often note the pet’s refusal from food and water. It is not necessary to force-feed the animal, refusal to eat due to sore throat after anesthesia.
Water must be forced to give a pipette or syringe (remove the needle!) Only at high temperature (measured by a special thermometer in the anus). Vomiting on the first day is a normal reaction to the anesthetic. Put the package in a visible place in advance, before vomiting the animal begins to lick intensively.
Involuntary urination of the operated pets is normal. You should not punish the cat for this, on the second day she will start to go to the tray.
Sometimes at operated cats for 3 days there is a slight rise in temperature. External signs of hyperthermia – dry and hot nose, fast breathing. It is necessary to control the volume of the liquid drunk by the pet and, if necessary, to feed the animal with a syringe.
Important! The most significant period is the third day after surgical sterilization. It is on the third day that the first signs of complications appear: fever, increasing swelling and redness in the area of the sutures, bleeding from the wound.
On the third day, the state of the cat becomes familiar. Moreover, especially active fuzzies are already starting to run and jump. In this case, the cat can hit, cling to the blanket for furniture and hang. Such behavior is fraught with premature divergence of seams, so if possible, you should not leave your pet alone at home, and limit movement. Also, while the cat is moving away from anesthesia after sterilization and is recovering, the following recommendations should be followed:
The blanket should be removed only for the treatment of seams. As an antiseptic, ordinary zelenka, an antibiotic powder or a drug prescribed by a veterinarian are used.
Slight swelling and redness usually go away on the 5th day. Non-absorbable sutures are removed by a veterinarian on the 10th day. You can not delete threads yourself!
If your pet has constipated (no stool for 3-4 days), you should give a mild laxative (duphalac or forlax) or go to a veterinarian.
Full restoration of a pet after surgical sterilization takes 2 weeks. Cats during castration seams do not overlap, because there is no need to use blankets, and animals are quickly restored.
Negative consequences after sterilization, although extremely rare, occur if a preliminary examination of the cat was not conducted, the rules of asepsis were not followed during the operation or the owner of the pet did not follow the instructions given by the doctor for postoperative care. Urgent contact the vet clinic is necessary in the following cases:
On the third day, the pet’s condition did not improve. Cat sluggish, constantly sleeping, purring mournfully.
The fever lasts for more than 3 days: the cat is hot to the touch, the nose is dry and hot, and the heartbeat is frequent.
The cat refuses to eat for more than a day, the animal constantly pulls out.
Blood is seeping from the surgical wound and there are signs of internal bleeding – sluggish condition, cold paws and ears, pale or bluish mucous membranes.
The stitches on the wound are swollen and reddened for more than 5 days.
To sterilize the cat was successful, you should contact only experienced veterinarians. After surgery, the animal requires increased attention in the first 3 days. With strict adherence to home care recommendations, the operated animal will quickly recover, and the risk of complications is minimized. Sterilized fluffs are prone to obesity, and therefore it is necessary to adjust its daily diet. Manufacturers of cat food offer a wide range of dry and wet food for sterilized cats. Wet food for sterilized cats. Wet food for sterilized cats.